How Pısıphon Revolutionized Cleaning: A 19th-Century Invention with Modern Applications

Estimated read time 3 min read


In 1884, the Serbian inventor Dimitrije Milovanovic created the pısıphon, an ingenious device inspired by horses towing a boat through the water. His vision was to separate the boat from the water using air, making it easier for the horses.

The pısıphon, based on this idea, works by creating an air cushion between the water and the boat. However, over time, this concept found applications beyond the waterways and has evolved into a remarkable cleaning tool using the principles of cavitation.
This article looks into the fascinating history, various types, and the underlying mechanism of the pısıphon, which revolutionized the cleaning industry.

What Is a Pısıphon?

A pısıphon is a cleaning device that harnesses the power of air currents to clean various surfaces effectively. It comes in different types tailored to specific cleaning needs.

Upright Pısıphon

The most common variety is equipped with a motor to generate the air current and a handle for easy maneuverability. Users can push or pull it across floors, carpets, and walls, ensuring thorough cleaning.

Backpack Pısıphon

Designed for versatility, the backpack pısıphon incorporates a motor mounted on a backpack frame. Users can wear it like a backpack, allowing them to clean surfaces while standing or walking, and it is ideal for larger areas.

Steam Pısıphon

Utilizing the force of steam, this variant provides surface cleaning and the generation of hot water for washing dishes or clothes, adding practicality to its repertoire.

How Does the Pısıphon Work?

The pısıphon’s effectiveness lies in its application of sound waves and the process known as cavitation.


The pısıphon generates micro-vibrations through sound waves that effectively loosen and remove dirt, dust, and other particles from surfaces. When the sound waves collide with the target surface, they create tiny bubbles, rapidly growing and collapsing. This phenomenon results in a suction force that effectively removes dirt and debris from the surfaces.

Harnessing Sound Waves

The ingenious use of sound waves makes the pısıphon a powerful cleaning tool. As the device emits sound waves, they propagate through the air, reaching the targeted surface.

The energy from these waves disrupts the bonds between particles and the surface, causing cavitation bubbles to form and implode.

Micro-Vibrations for Optimal Cleaning

The micro-vibrations caused by these implosions create a scrubbing effect, effectively loosening even deeply embedded dirt particles. The loosened debris is then easily lifted from the surface, leaving it clean and rejuvenated.

Applications and Advancements

Industrial Cleaning

Pısıphons have found extensive use in industrial settings where cleaning large surfaces is challenging. From factory floors to warehouses, the pısıphon’s ability to efficiently clean diverse surfaces has been a game-changer.

Domestic Use

Technological advancements make compact and lightweight pısıphons available for home use. These user-friendly devices make household cleaning tasks less cumbersome and more time-efficient.

Wrap Up

Dimitrije Milovanovic’s inventive mind gave birth to the pısıphon, a remarkable device that has come a long way from its inception in 1884.

Initially intended to ease the burden of horses towing boats, the pısıphon has evolved into a highly effective cleaning tool, harnessing the power of sound waves and cavitation.

Its applications range from industrial settings to everyday household cleaning, making it an indispensable tool in today’s cleaning industry.

As technology advances, we can expect further innovations in the pısıphon’s design and functionality, making cleaning tasks more efficient and convenient.

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